- Fleeing from the Seljuks in the aftermath of Mantzikert (q.v.), this Armenian dynasty established itself in Cilicia (q.v.) from ca. 1073-1226. There, in Cilicia's eastern coastal plain and mountains to the north, the Rubenids created a prosperous kingdom. In 1085 Thoros I captured Anazarbos and made it his capital. John II Komnenos (q.v.) recaptured Anazarbos in 1137, forcing the Rubenids back into the mountains for a while. Manuel I Komnenos (q.v.) recaptured Anazarbos again in 1158, forcing the submission of Thoros II. The battle of Myriokephalon (1176) ended Byzantine influence in Cilicia, but the Rubenids continued to struggle with the principality of Antioch (q.v.) until the end of the dynasty in 1226.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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